Table 5

Pneumothorax simulation results

Variable/StatisticAP groupTP groupp Value
(n=10)(n=10)
Resting heart rate (bpm)0.579
 Mean (SD)75.3 (13.01)73.4 (9.79)
 Median8070
 Min-Max53–9057–87
Max heart rate (bpm)0.579
 Mean (SD)87.9 (13.54)85.6 (9.29)
 Median9083.5
 Min-Max62–10571–101
NASA TLX score0.011*
 Mean (SD)50.5 (30.04)86.5 (19.67)
 Median40.587.5
 Min-Max15–9160–118
Total simulation time (min)0.796
 Mean (SD)8.0 (2.36)8.0 (1.57)
 Median7.88.3
 Min-Max4.5–12.24.3–9.8
  • p Value from Fisher's exact test for categorical data or Mann-Whitney U test for numerical data.

  • *Denotes significance at p<0.05.AP, administrative physician; Max, maximum; Min, minimum; NASA TLX, NASA Task Load Index; TP, technical professional.