Table 2

Biliary colic simulation results

Variable/StatisticAP groupTP groupp Value
(n=10)(n=10)
Resting heart rate (bpm)0.739
 Mean (SD)75.3 (13.73)73.1 (11.34)
 Median76.574
 Min-Max53–10048–88
Max heart rate (bpm)1.000
 Mean (SD)93.2 (15.50)93.2 (14.75)
 Median97.590.5
 Min-Max65–11466–115
NASA TLX score0.002*
 Mean (SD)54.4 (21.59)83.8 (16.81)
 Median5281
 Min-Max22–10258–111
Total simulation time (min)0.315
 Mean (SD)10.3 (2.78)8.9 (2.41)
 Median10.78.8
 Min-Max6.6–14.15.3–12.6
  • p Value from Fisher's exact test for categorical data or Mann-Whitney U test for numerical data.

  • *Denotes significance at p<0.05.

  • AP, administrative physician; Max, maximum; Min, minimum; NASA TLX, NASA Task Load Index; TP, technical professional.