Table 3

Renal colic simulation results

Variable/StatisticAP groupTP groupp Value
(n=10)(n=10)
Resting heart rate (bpm)0.393
 Mean (SD)77.1 (12.09)73.1 (10.47)
 Median79.572
 Min-Max56–9654–89
Max heart rate (bpm)0.481
 Mean (SD)90.1 (15.39)88.2 (10.36)
 Median94.589
 Min-Max59–10667–101
NASA TLX score0.015*
 Mean (SD)52.2 (31.11)89.7 (9.52)
 Median4689.5
 Min-Max14–10876–106
Total simulation time (min)0.481
 Mean (SD)9.2 (2.65)8.8 (1.14)
 Median9.48.9
 Min-Max5.3–14.37.2–11.4
  • p Value from Fisher's exact test for categorical data or Mann-Whitney U test for numerical data.

  • *Denotes significance at p<0.05.

  • AP, administrative physician; Max, maximum; Min, minimum; NASA TLX, NASA Task Load Index; TP, technical professional.