Trained versus non-trained students
N, matched§Trained ∆†Non-Trained ∆†Total ∆†p Value
Team structure472 (251)0.15 (0.49)0.02 (0.45)0.07 (0.45)0.023
Leadership472 (251)0.05 (0.36)0.01 (0.35)0.02 (0.42)0.457
Situation monitoring472 (250)0.09 (0.53)−0.02 (0.43)0.03 (0.48)0.176
Mutual support472 (248)0.20 (1.08)0.40 (1.18)0.31 (1.14)0.085
Communication472 (247)0.03 (0.48)−0.07 (0.43)−0.03 (0.44)0.070
  • *Scale: 1=strongly disagree, 2=disagree, 3=neutral, 4=agree, 5=strongly agree.

  • †Mean (SD).

  • ‡Paired two tail t-test.

  • §Total number (trained).

  • ¶Analysis of variance.

  • TTAQ, TeamSTEPPS Teamwork Attitude Questionnaire; TTIPS, Team Training of Inter-Professional Students.