Table 2

Emotional states before and after simulation

Before simulationAfter simulationPCohen’s d
Tense/calm−0.08±1.17−0.10±1.00.88−0.02
Nervous/relaxed−0.28±1.150.14±1.00.0020.39
Stressed/serene−0.09±0.99−0.01±1.010.540.08
Upset/contended0.59±0.980.57±0.840.82−0.03
Sad/happy0.78±0.840.70±0.810.39−0.10
Depressed/elated0.53±0.750.51±0.720.87−0.02
Lethargic/excited0.25±0.890.55±0.920.0030.35
Bored/alert0.85±0.871.28±0.73<0.000010.54