Article Text

Download PDFPDF
Quantification of opportunities for early-stage paramedicine students to practice clinical skills during clinical placements compared with an equal dose of simulation-based workshops
  1. Brennen W Mills1,
  2. Owen B J Carter1,
  3. Cobie J Rudd1,
  4. Jodie K Mills1,
  5. Nathan P Ross2,3,
  6. Joanne D Ruck3
  1. 1Office of the Pro-Vice-Chancellor (Health Advancement), Edith Cowan University, Perth, Western Australia, Australia
  2. 2School of Nursing, Midwifery & Paramedicine, Australian Catholic University, Ballarat, Victoria, Australia
  3. 3School of Medical Sciences, Edith Cowan University, Perth, Western Australia, Australia
  1. Correspondence to Brennen Mills, Office of the Pro-Vice-Chancellor (Health Advancement), 270 Joondalup Drive, Edith Cowan University, Joondalup, WA 6027, Australia; b.mills{at}


Introduction A reported advantage of simulation-based learning environments (SLE) over clinical placements (CPs) is that the former can provide a greater number and breadth of opportunities to practice level-appropriate clinical skills compared with the random patient presentations provided during the latter. Although logical and widely accepted as fact, we find no published evidence to demonstrate the magnitude, nor indeed veracity, of this assumption. We therefore sought to quantify the clinical skills practiced by entry-level paramedicine students attending a well-selected CP compared with an equal dosage of SLE.

Methods N=37 first-year paramedicine students completed activity diaries during 3 days of CP and 3 days of SLE. Opportunities to practice clinical skills were quantified and coded as either: level-appropriate, beyond-level or of non-discipline relevance.

Results During SLE, the average student was exposed 226 times to 11 level-appropriate clinical procedures. During CP the average student was exposed 48 times to 24 clinical procedures, the majority relevant to paramedicine (63%), but a minority level-appropriate (38%). Students’ opportunities for supervised, ‘hands on’ practice represented only 10% of exposures in either SLE or CP but in terms of raw numbers of level-appropriate opportunities, SLE provided more than CP (n=23 vs 2).

Discussion Our results confirm that SLE provides substantially more opportunities than CP for students to practice level-appropriate skills and is therefore more appropriate for repetitive practice. However, CP is likely to remain useful to students for practicing interpersonal skills and contextualisation of knowledge within the broader health system. Educators should therefore carefully articulate learning objectives before choosing between SLE and CP.

  • clinical skills practice
  • early-stage students
  • paramedicine
  • clinical placement
  • simulation

Statistics from

Request Permissions

If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.