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Novel simulation-based human factors workshops for nearly qualified doctors
  1. Ryan Laurence Love,
  2. Sagen Zac-Varghese
  1. Lister Hospital, East and North Hertfordshire NHS Trust, Stevenage, UK
  1. Correspondence to Dr Ryan Laurence Love, East and North Hertfordshire NHS Trust, Stevenage SG1 4AB, UK;{at}

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Understanding how human factors can impact on healthcare outcomes requires consideration of the complex interplay between organisational culture, people and the working environment, across domains such as teamwork, leadership, prioritisation, decision-making, communication skills and situational awareness.1

In the context of healthcare and patient safety, deficiencies in human factors skills often lead to clinical errors.2 Training in human factors has demonstrable benefits for clinical teams, yet exposure to such training for medical students is difficult to achieve and inconsistent.3 The transitional period for newly qualified doctors starting work also has a fraught reputation for patient safety events, with many junior doctors reporting a feeling of unpreparedness.4

The aim of this educational workshop was to improve medical student confidence and awareness of human factors, in the weeks immediately prior to commencing their first employment as junior doctors.


A half-day interactive workshop was designed, combining elements of low-fidelity simulation with traditional didactic teaching methods to focus on promoting awareness of non-technical skills related to core human factors themes, and consideration of how these may impact the delivery of …

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  • Contributors RLL designed and delivered the workshops in collaboration with SZ-V. RLL drafted the manuscript, which was reviewed by SZ-V. Both authors approved the manuscript for publication.

  • Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; internally peer reviewed.

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