Statistics from Altmetric.com
Cardiac tamponade is a life-threatening compression of the heart due to accumulation of fluid surrounding the heart. It occurs in two out of 10 000 people annually and is universally fatal if the fluid is not timely drained.1 The more rapidly accumulation occurs, the quicker the patient develops symptoms, including dyspnoea, fatigue and chest pain.2 Vital sign changes include tachycardia, tachypnoea and hypotension with a narrow pulse pressure. Pericardiocentesis is the required treatment to drain this fluid improving cardiac output.3
Simulation is an adjunct education tool to practise rare but crucial procedures.1 Current manikins do not have the capabilities to practise pericardiocentesis. Only torso task trainers are available.4 5 Our objective was to develop a pericardiocentesis trainer model that could both reliably recreate the procedure and be placed in a manikin, with no fluid leakage.
Model assembly and design
The Department of Biomedical Engineering collaborated with the Department of Pediatrics to build an inexpensive pericardiocentesis model with the following constraints:
Fit existing child simulators without significant chest wall distortion.
Have components to protect simulator both structurally and electronically from fluid spills using self-sealing technology.
Provide realistic fluid removal.
Have easily refillable fluid compartment that does not require direct access to task trainer.
Costs less than $500 budget.
The final design encompasses a two-piece tray system, a top and bottom tray, attached by a peg …
If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.