Table 1

Distribution of participant responses and means, medians, and standard deviations for each item assessing the facial gunshot wound (with the percentage of total respondents presented in parentheses)

Distribution of responsesMMdnSD
1 - Strongly disagree2 - Somewhat disagree3 - Neutral4 - Somewhat agree5 - Strongly agree
The appearance of the manikin’s facial gunshot wound was realistic0 (0%)0 (0%)1 (1.4%)25 (33.8%)48 (64.9%)4.6450.51
The appearance of the manikin’s facial gunshot wound contributed to the immersiveness of the scenario0 (0%)0 (0%)1 (1.3%)13 (17.3%)61 (81.3%)4.8050.43
The appearance of the manikin’s facial gunshot wound enhanced my learning experience0 (0%)1 (1.3%)4 (5.3%)21 (28.0%)49 (65.3%)4.5750.66
  • M, mean; Mdn, median; SD, Standard Deviation.