Table 4

Allocation and application of observer roles

Allocation of observer rolesNever
n (%)
Rarely
n (%)
Sometimes
n (%)
Usually
n (%)
Always
n (%)
Participants in observer roles—all (n=221) 4(2)8(3)61(28)82(37)66(30)
Clinical background
Allied health (n=21)1(5)0(0)6(28)5(24)9(43)
Nursing/midwifery (n=124)1(1)6(5)41(33)42(34)34(27)
Medicine (n=59)2(3)2(3)7(12)29(50)19(32)
Paramedicine (n=13)006(46)40(31)3(23)
Other (n=4)001(25)2(50)1(25)
Job description
Educator3(2)2(2)33(29)42(37)34(30)
Clinician1(1)6(7)20(23)36(43)22(26)
Primary simulation location
Higher education2(3)1(1)16(21)27(36)29(39)
Hospital1(1)020(29)31(44)18(26)
Observers with active role in another scenario—all (n=216) 9(4)17(8)48(22)64(30)78(36)
Clinical background
Allied health (n=20)004(20)5(25)11(55)
Nursing/midwifery (n=122)4(3)11(9)34(28)37(30)36(30)
Medicine (n=57)4(7)4(7)7(12)17(30)25(44)
Paramedicine (n=13)1(8)2(15)2(15)2(15)6(47)
Other (n=4)001(25)3(75)0
NoYes
In-scenario observers—all (n=217) 109(50)108(50)
Allied health (n=19)11(58)8(42)
Nursing/midwifery (n=122)59(48)63(52)
Medicine (n=57)35(59)24(41)
Paramedicine (n=13)4(31)9(69)
Other (n=4)04(100)