Table 8

Influence of educator factors on observer role value ratings (p values)

FactorDebrief (1)Focus (2)Value (3)Learning (4)Observer first (5)ORVS total (6)Comment
Clinical background0.4940.1620.802<0.001***0.5950.012*Nursing > Medicine & Paramedicine in 4, 6
Higher education qualification0.1200.4110.8270.4920.4780.223
Higher simulation qualification0.0750.9750.1640.2510.7940.116
Short course simulation0.1240.2500.0910.006**0.5680.002**Yes > no in 4,6
On the job training0.1530.8750.1320.8490.4150.547
Experience (quartiles)0.7450.022*0.9230.0970.8050.23711+ <7–10 yrs and 0–4 yrs experience in 2
Job description0.9960.2410.6760.009**0.5070.083Educator > clinician in 4
Primary simulation location0.0700.5380.5700.7050.0650.976
Primary learner0.7050.5030.1580.7790.2280.879
Observer location0.3120.026*0.0960.9600.031*0.134Variable > separate area in 2
In-room > separate in 4
Observer tools0.606<0.001***0.006**0.048*0.5530.2583–4 tools > no tools in 2,4
No tools >4 tools in 3
Gender0.4890.0570.038*0.014*0.0550.199Males > females in 3
Females > males in 4
  • Significance test Welch’s ANOVA, post hoc test Games–Howell.

  • *p<0.05, **p<0.01, ***p<0.001.

  • ANOVA, analysis of variance.